World Organization of Volcanic Observatories
Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)
Head of KVERT: Dr Olga K. Girina, email@example.com
The Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT) is a collaborative project of scientists from the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, the Kamchatka Branch of Geophysical Surveys, and the Alaska Volcano Observatory (IVS, KB GS and AVO).
The purpose of KVERT is to reduce the risk of costly, damaging, and possibly deadly encounters of aircraft with volcanic ash clouds. To reduce this risk KVERT collects all possible volcanic information and issues eruption alerts to aviation and other emergency officials.
KVERT was founded by Institute of Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry FED RAS in 1993 (from 2004 - in the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology FED RAS). KVERT analyzes volcano monitoring data (seismic, satellite, visual and video, and pilot reports), assigns an Aviation Color Code for aviation and issues reports on eruptive activity and unrest at Kamchatkan (since 1993) and Northern Kurile (since 2003) Volcanoes.
KVERT receives seismic monitoring data from KB GS (the Laboratory for Seismic and Volcanic Activity). KB GS maintains telemetered seismic stations to investigate ten of the most active volcanoes in Kamchatka and one of the North Kurile Islands. Data are received around the clock and analysts evaluate data each day for every volcano to determine the number and type of seismic events at these monitored volcanoes.
Satellite data are provided from several sources to KVERT. AVO conducts satellite analysis of the Kuriles, Kamchatka, and Alaska as part of it daily monitoring and send the interpretation to KVERT staff. KVERT interprets MODIS and MTSAT images and processes AVHRR data to look for evidence of volcanic ash and thermal anomalies. KVERT obtains visual volcanic information from volcanologist’s field trips, web-cameras that monitor Klyuchevskoy (established in 2000), Sheveluch (2002), Bezymianny (2003) and Koryaksky (2009) volcanoes, and pilots.
KVERT staff work closely with staff of AVO, AMC (Airport Meteorological Center) at Yelizovo Airport and the Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC), the Anchorage VAAC, and the Washington VAAC to release timely eruption warnings.
Information about volcanic unrest based on seismic data from KB GS; satellite information from AVO and KVERT; or visual data from a variety of sources is shared by email among IVS, AVO and KB GS to facilitate evaluation of possible activity. After confirmation, urgent information is sent by email to government agencies, aviation services, and scientists (>300 users) located throughout the North Pacific region. KVERT staff also notify AMC and other emergency agencies in Kamchatka by telephone. KVERT Information Releases are formal written notifications that are sent by email to these same users to announce Color Code changes and significant changes in activity. These statements are posted on the KVERT and the AVO web site. AVO sends KVERT Information Releases by facsimile.
Information updated May 2011
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