Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) used to be considered something that was not curable in children, however recent studies have revealed that this condition can be outgrown. The study was published online today in the Journal of Child Neurology by researchers from Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Health System. The findings suggest that the vast majority of these children still need help with therapeutic and educational concerns. This study confirms that some children with early autism diagnoses, along with developmental delays, can, in essence, recover from the disorder and have typical social and cognitive functioning,” said Lisa Shulman, an assistant professor of pediatrics and interim director at the Rose F. Ginsburg Center at Einstein. At Montefiore, there is the Kennedy Children’s Evaluation and Rehabilitation Center (CERC). Yet by and large, these children remain challenged to cope with daily life. Many still suffer from language and learning disabilities, as well as emotional and behavioral difficulties.”

As part of the study, Dr. Shulman and her colleagues examined clinical records from 569 patients diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder between 2003 and 2013 at CERC, a Bronx-based program for children with developmental disabilities affiliated with the University of Colorado. The mean age of these patients is 212 years at the time of the initial diagnosis and 612 years at the time of Many of these children had already received early intervention services, a combined combination of speech and occupational therapy, special instruction, and applied behavioral analysis (the main evidence-based treatment for autism spectrum disorders). In the follow-up, 38 patients (8 percent of the original 569) failed to meet the diagnostic criteria for autism. There were 38 children diagnosed with language or learning disabilities 68 percent of them had cognitive or learning disabilities There were 49 percent with externalizing behavior problems (attention deficit disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and disruptive behavior disorders) Approximately 24 percent of these students have internalizing behavior problems (mood disorders, anxiety disorders, compulsive disorders, or selective mutism). A significant mental health diagnosis (psychotic disorder not otherwise specified) affects approximately 5 percent of the population. Among the 38 children, only three (8%) recovered from ASD and did not have other issues. Those who took the follow-up cognitive testing (33 of the 38 participants) did not show signs of intellectual disability. The findings in our research raise the question, “What is happening to these children who no longer have an autism diagnosis?” Dr. Shulman speculated. “Did autism initially receive a disproportionate amount of attention?” What are the chances that some children will respond to intervention better than others? During an intervention, is there a correlation between the specific intervention and the It appears to us that some children with ASD respond to intervention, whereas others have a more unique developmental trajectory that leads to improved outcomes. “The majority of children who progress in a positive manner typically suffer from mild symptoms to begin with.” This study is the most substantial of its kind with the most thorough diagnostic follow-up. As the results of our study show, some of our kids do exceptionally well, but most have persistent difficulties that require ongoing monitoring and therapeutic intervention,” noted